Greece has 5 less developed, 6 transitional and 1 more developed regions under article 2014/99/EU definitions. In addition, the country is one of the member states eligible for funding from the Cohesion Fund pursuant to Article 4. It has a population of 10.75 million people and covers an area of 131,957 km2. The region includes four level 1 NUTS areas, EL3, EL4, EL5 and EL6 (considering the last changes in NUTS). Agriculture in Greece is one of the main employers, with around 1,212,720 people working in it. The agricultural sector in the country contrasts with the rest of Europe, having much smaller farms on average. The country accounts for 723,101 agricultural holdings and a total cultivated area of 3,477,930 ha, resulting in an average area per holding of 4.8 ha. Indeed, 89% of the total number of farms are smaller than 10 ha. In general, in 2014, there was a low penetration of young farmers in the sector, with only 7% of the holdings owned by young people, while 35% was owned by people over 65 years. This highlights the old-aged workforce and the need for its renewal.
The selected instrument is the “M6.1: Start-up aid for young farmers” sub-measure, which is included in the national programme for the period 2014-2020. It is derived from Article 19 of the 1305/2013 EAFRD regulation. The aim of this instrument is the establishment of farmers-entrepreneurs and the increase of agricultural holdings’ competitiveness through age-based and higher-skilled renewal. The measure contemplates providing a lump sum to holdings producing between 8,000 and 100,000 €/year and managed by new young (<40) farmers. It covers up to 100% of the development of new business plans (between 17,000 and 22,000 per farm).
This use case will analyse the M6.1 measure impact on Greece, focusing on the socio-economic aspects. The ex-post analysis will be done for the period 2014-2017 and the ex-ante impact analysis will be done for the period 2018-2020. To that end, AGRICORE will use several data sources including FADN, FSS, the Hellenic Statistical Authority, the different Chamber of Commerce and MinAGric. This information will be complemented with information provided by the national and regional governments and with participatory research conducted among the different stakeholders involved in the use case. Biophysical models (generic and crop-specific) will be used to calculate the productivity and the yield of the exploitations on different climate scenarios.